DLLR's Division of Labor and Industry

 

Employment of Minors (Work Permits)

 

E-Mail Address: issuingofficer@dllr.state.md.us

Maryland Division of Labor and Industry

 

Teen - If you are a teen who is seeking employment and require a WORK PERMIT, here is how to get one.

 

Parent or Guardian - If you are a parent or guardian whose child is seeking employment, here is some important information that you may find helpful.

 

Employer - If you are an employer who wants to employ a minor the minor must have WORK PERMIT. Here is what you need to know.

 

Issuing Officer - If you are an Issuing Officer for WORK PERMITS or want to become an Issuing Officer, here is what you need to know.

 

INSTRUCTIONS FOR MINOR:

In Maryland, as a teen, (minor between the ages of 14 and 17), once you have been offered employment you are required to have a Minor Work Permit before you begin work. Teens cannot apply for a Work Permit until they have gotten a job offer. This is because the application for a Work Permit requires details from the employer, including the proposed occupation and work description.

View a tutorial of the process (PowerPoint document, 4MB, download PowerPoint viewer for free).

There is an overview of the necessary steps to obtain a work permit:

1. PRINT A HARD COPY OF THE WORK PERMIT APPLICATION.

  1. Using a computer workstation, print a hard copy Work Permit Application - (Word document, 33KB, download Word viewer for free) or Adobe Acrobat format (PDF document, 87KB, download Adobe Acrobat for free). If you do not have access to a printer, you can obtain a copy of the blank form from the Division of Labor and Industry offices or from a participating Middle or High School.  You also can ask your employer if they are willing to print a blank copy.
     
  2. Complete the "To the Minor" section.
     
  3. Have your employer complete and sign the "To the Employer" section.
     
  4. Have your parent or guardian sign and date your application after they review it.

2. USING A COMPUTER WORKSTATION CLICK TO GO TO THE ONLINE APPLICATION AND FILL IN THE REQUESTED INFORMATION FROM THE INFORMATION THAT YOU HAVE GATHERED ON THE HARD COPY OF THE APPLICATION.

     FOLLOW THE DIRECTIONS ON THE APPLICATION RECEIPT.

3. TO RECEIVE APPROVAL, YOU WILL NEED TO TAKE THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTATION WITH YOU TO ANY ISSUING OFFICER:

  1. COMPLETED HARD COPY OF WORK PERMIT APPLICATION
  2. PROOF OF AGE
    Birth Certificate
    School Records
    Valid Maryland Driver's License
    Any official Government document that contains your date of birth
  3. ONLINE APPLICATION RECEIPT

THE ISSUING OFFICER WILL:

  1. VERIFY YOUR AGE
  2. VERIFY THE DATA ON YOUR ONLINE APPLICATION MATCHES THE DATA ON THE HARD COPY APPLICATION
  3. VERIFY YOUR LISTED TYPE OF WORK IS PERMISSIBLE
  4. ISSUE AN APPROVED MARYLAND WORK PERMIT

4. TAKE THE APPROVED MARYLAND WORK PERMIT TO YOUR EMPLOYER.

     YOU CANNOT START WORK UNTIL THE EMPLOYER HAS YOUR APPROVED MARYLAND WORK PERMIT.

 INSTRUCTIONS FOR PARENTS OR GUARDIANS:

The Maryland Employment of Minors Law applies to school age children (14 - 17 years) and seeks to protect minors so that their employment experience is not a detriment to their education or safety. Minors are limited in the hours they may work during periods when school is in session. There are specific jobs and occupations that children are not allowed to work because they have been determined to be potentially dangerous for minor employment. You can help us protect your child by ensuring that the employer complies with these requirements. If you have any concerns, or feel your child's work experience is detrimental to them, please contact the Division of Labor and Industry at issuingofficer@dllr.state.md.us or call (410) 767-2239.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR EMPLOYERS:

Maryland issues work permits to minors 14 and older. You can assist with the work permit issuance process by informing a minor of the work permit requirement at the time of hire and assisting with completing the necessary information on the Work Permit Application. For example, at the time you offer a minor employment, you could provide the minor with a blank copy of a work permit application (Word document, 33KB, download Word viewer for free or Adobe Acrobat format, PDF document, 87KB, download Adobe Acrobat for free) so that the minor could complete their section and you can complete the employer section.

Minors under age 14 cannot be issued permits, with the exception of children working in the entertainment industry. Children working in the entertainment industry are required to have a special permit that is issued directly by the Commissioner of Labor and Industry upon application.

 INSTRUCTIONS FOR ISSUING OFFICERS:

How to apply become an Issuing Officer

Manual for Issuing Officers of Work Permits for Minors (Word document, 200KB, download Word viewer for free) and Issuing Officer Training (PowerPoint document, 89KB, download PowerPoint viewer for free)

  1. If you work for a school system and desire to become an Issuing Officer, click on " Issuing Officer Application."
     
  2. Approval e-mail will contain your initial password.

To Login

  1. Click on "Login."
     
  2. Enter the e-mail address from your  Issuing Officer Application.
     
  3. Copy and paste the initial password from your approval e-mail.
     
  4. Personalize the password by selecting "My Settings" on the Main Menu

To Approve Work Permits

  1. Click on "Login."
     
  2. Enter the system using e-mail address and password.
     
  3. Enter the Receipt ID (the control number that appears on the receipt received by the minor when he/she completed the online application) into the Search text box at the top/right of the screen, then click on the Search button.
     
  4. Within the Basic Search - Click on Control Number.
     
  5. Complete Verification Section
         Check-off Signatures
         Identify Proof of Age
         Acknowledge data matches the hard copy
         Click on the Approve button
     
  6. Within the Basic Search - Click on Control Number to open the newly approved Work Permit.
     
  7. Print/Re-print the approved Work Permit.
     
  8. Add your signature to the approved Work Permit.
     
  9. Maintain a hardcopy of the application on file for 3 years as required by the Division of Labor and Industry.
     
  10. Issue the Work Permit to the minor to provide to his/her employer.

Age:

  • A minor under the age of 14 may not be employed or permitted to work unless the child is a model, performer or entertainer with a special permit. Special permits are issued only by the Commissioner's Office. Information can be obtained by calling (410) 767-2239.
  • Minors 14 through 17 years of age may only work with a work permit.
  • Certain activities are not considered employment for the purposes of this law provided the activity does not involve mining, manufacturing or hazardous occupations and it takes place outside the school day. Those activities include: farm work performed on a farm; domestic work performed in or about a home; work performed in a business owned or operated by a parent; work performed by unpaid volunteers, in a charitable or non-profit organization, employed with the written consent of the parent; caddying on a golf course; an instructor on an instructional sailboat; delivery of newspapers; work performed as a counselor, assistant counselor or instructor in a youth camp certified under the Maryland Youth Camp Act; and hazardous work performed by unpaid volunteers of a volunteer fire department who have completed or are taking a course of study relating to fire fighting or rescue and who are 16 years of age or older.

Hours:
Minors 14 and 15 years of age may not be employed or permitted to:

  • work more than 4 hours on any day when school is in session
  • work more than 8 hours a day on any day when school is not in session
  • work more than 23 hours in any week when school is in session
  • work more than 40 hours in any week when school is not in session
  • work before 7:00 a.m. or after 8:00 p.m. Minors may work until 9:00 p.m. from Memorial Day to Labor Day.
  • work more than 5 consecutive hours without a non-working period of at least 30 minutes.

Hours of work for minors employed by an employer covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act are more restrictive than those allowed by Maryland law. In general, it is the more protective standards which apply.

Minors 16 and 17 years of age:

  • May spend no more than 12 hours in a combination of school hours and work hours each day.
  • Must be allowed at least 8 consecutive hours of non-work, non-school time in each 24 hour period.
  • May not be permitted to work more than 5 consecutive hours without a non-working period of at least 30 minutes.

Occupations:

Certain occupations are declared to be hazardous by the U.S. Secretary of Labor and have been adopted by the Commissioner of Labor and Industry. The Commissioner has forbidden employment by minors under 18 in other occupations. Additional areas of employment are restricted to minors under the age of 16. Information on all of these areas of restricted employment is available from Issuing Officers in Maryland's secondary schools or from the Division of Labor and Industry. Find out more on the Employment of Minors Fact Sheet.

Work Permits:

  • Work permits are required for all minors under the age of 18 to work in the State of Maryland.
  • Work permits are not issued to minors under the age of 14.
  • Work permits are issued by Issuing Officers in Maryland secondary schools, and by the Division of Labor and Industry. Minors and their parents are encouraged to contact their local school to obtain a work permit.
  • To obtain a Work Permit: Work permits are not issued until the minor has been offered a job. The work permit allows the minor to perform certain duties for a particular employer. If the minor changes jobs, a new work permit must be obtained. The work permit application form is available here on-line or may be obtained from the school, the minor completes some basic information. The work permit is taken to the employer who enters their name and address and describes the minor's duties. The employer signs the permit. The minor's parent or guardian signs the permit. The work permit is then taken to the Issuing Officer. Issuing Officers are required to verify the minor's date of birth and confirm that the employment is legal for the age of the minor. If the minor's date of birth is not on school records, then the minor must present proof of age. Acceptable documents include a birth certificate, motor vehicle identification, passport, baptismal certificate or other government document that verifies the date of birth. The validated work permit, with the Issuing Officer's signature must be in the employer's possession before the minor is permitted to work.

Special Permit for Entertainment Industry for Minors under 14 years of age (PDF document, 41KB, download Adobe Acrobat for free)

References:
Labor and Employment Article, Title 3, Subtitle 2, Annotated Code of Maryland

Publications available: Employment of Minors Law (Word document, 71KB, download Word viewer for free)
Employment of Minors Fact Sheet (Word document, 44KB, download Word viewer for free)

For additional information, contact:
Employment Standards Service
Division of Labor and Industry

1100 N. Eutaw St. - Room 607
Baltimore, MD 21201
(410) 767-2239
FAX: (410) 333-7303
E-Mail Address: issuingofficer@dllr.state.md.us

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